Orthodontics is the specialty dealing with the alignment of teeth. The orthodontic treatment means the application of a slight pressure on the growing teeth or on the ones already grown, by a dental brace. The most appropriate age to visit an orthodontist is 8-9 years. At this age the maxillary bones grow faster and are more elastic; this is why their alignment and the alignment of the position of teeth is easier. But you can make an orthodontic treatment at any age. You must be aware of the fact that the treatment is longer at an adult age because the maxillary bones are not as elastic as they were in childhood.
There are two types of dental braces: fix and mobile.
It is recommended to children and this can be removed at the indications of the orthodontist. It is used between the ages of 5-7 (after the apparition of the first permanent molar) until the ages of 11-12, practically until on the jaw there are present baby teeth. It is made of transparent or highly colored plastic (acrylic) material to be more attractive to children.
Its role is to stimulate the growth of the maxillary bones so that the final teeth have enough space to freely erupt on the jaw. In case the dental-maxillary anomaly is more severe, the orthodontic treatment is continued with a fix orthodontic brace to obtain correct and definitive results.
Fix dental brace (foto 2; foto 3). There are several types of fix dental braces:
- Fix dental brace with metallic brackets
- Fix dental brace with ceramic brackets
- Fix dental brace with metallic and ceramic brackets
- Fix dental brace with saphire brackets
Fix dental brace with metallic brackets - are the most used brackets in the entire world and are worn especially by teenagers. The brackets are made of stainless steel alloys, the arch is metallic. The modules (elastics keeping fix the arch in the bracket) having different colors and changeable at every control make them more attractive to teenagers and offer them a happy aspect.
Sapphire brackets - are discrete, almost invisible, the braces are made of a sapphire transparent crystal, making them almost invisible even though it is positioned on the exterior of the teeth. They do not change color. Unlike the ceramic braces on the surface of which bacterial plaque can gather, the Sapphire dental brace remain colorless during the treatment, due to the microcrystalline structure and due to their uniform structure. It is very easy to wear. Even though it has the same effects as a fix metallic or ceramic dental brace the material of the Sapphire dental brace makes it more comfortable and easier to wear during the treatment.
Dr. Nasser Hamdan- specialist in orthodontics and pedodontics || Ortodent Sibiu | Ortodontie Sibiu | Aparat Dentar Sibiu ||